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Q&A

Roman ordinary vs maronite vs extraordinary calendar

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I downloaded an application that provides daily bible texts. Within the app, it is possible to switch between different calendars:

  • Roman ordinary calendar
  • Maronite calendar
  • Extraordinary calendar

I know that the daily bible texts within the catholic church are following the Roman ordinary calendar. But the other two calendars are unknown to me. What I am interested to know:

  • Which christian groups use the second and the third calendar in the listing above?
  • In which countries the christians can be found that use the second and the third calendar?

Thanks for any explanation.

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These refer to different Catholic rites (and accompanying masses) that have their own respective liturgical calendars (and so also have different lectionary readings).

Roman rite

The Ordinary and Extraordinary masses are both Roman Catholic, and respectively refer to:

  • Ordinary (Forma ordinaria): Missal of 1970, or Novus Ordo Missae ("new rite")
  • Extraordinary (Forma extraordinaria): Missal of 1962, or the traditional Latin Mass ("old rite")

Per Pope Benedict XVI:

It is not appropriate to speak of these two versions of the Roman Missal as if they were “two Rites”. Rather, it is a matter of a twofold use of one and the same rite.[1]

Maronite rite

The Maronite Catholic Church is an Eastern (or Byzantine) Catholic sui iuris particular church that is in full communion with the Pope and the worldwide Catholic Church and which has self-governance.

It has its own historical liturgical calendar, Divine Liturgy (i.e., mass), and accompanying lectionary readings.

Where are the followers of these rites/calendars located?

All over the world!

With that said, the Roman rites are celebrated predominantly in Western countries, and the Maronite rite is concentrated in (and under) the (Catholic) Antiochian patriarchate (e.g., Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel, etc.).


  1. July 7, 2007 Letter of his Holiness Benedict XVI to the bishops on the occasion of the publication of the Apostolic Letter "Motu Proprio Data," Summorum Pontificum: On The Use Of The Roman Liturgy Prior To The Reform Of 1970. https://www.vatican.va/content/benedict-xvi/en/letters/2007/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20070707_lettera-vescovi.html ↩︎

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